ESC 2021 The Salt Substitute and Stroke Study (SSaSS) showed that replacement of salt (100% NaCl) with a salt substitute (75% NaCl + 25% KCl) reduces the risk of stroke in people with prior stroke or hypertension.
Women with hypertension stage 1 (130-139 mmHg) at their early 40s had an increased risk of ACS during midlife, while this association was non-significant in men after adjusting for CV risk factors.
This systematic review for the US Preventive Services Task Force provides an overview of benefits and harms of screening for hypertension in adults and on the accuracy of screening and confirmatory BP measurements.
Adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) are associated with future development of CVD. The statement from the American Heart Association gives recommendations for strategies to reduce the long-term CVD risk in women with APOs.
Sodium intake was almost linearly associated with SBP and DBP, without a threshold for low or high sodium exposure. The effect of sodium reduction on BP was more pronounced in individuals with hypertension.
This study used data from four community-based cohort studies and investigated the relation between SBP and incident CVD. Increasing CVD risk was observed beginning at lower SBP thresholds in women than in men.
Global CVD burden has increased in almost all regions outside high-income countries. The increase was largely due to population growth and aging. In addition, attribution of risk factors like SBP, BMI, and dietary risk increased worldwide.
A study of network approaches with clinical and pre-clinical validation showed that NOX5-induced uncoupling of endothelial NO synthase is a causal mechanism of an age-related hypertension endotype.
Compared to those who reported no alcohol intake, T2DM patients with moderate (>7 drinks/week) and heavy (>14 drinks/week) consumption had increased risk of elevated BP, hypertension grade I and hypertension grade 2.
ESC 2020 A study including 48 RCTs demonstrated that lowering of each 5 mmHg SBP resulted in 10% reduction of major CV events, regardless of baseline SBP and CVD status.
ESC 2020 Blood pressure-lowering reduces the risk of major CV events similarly in those with and without CVD and irrespectively of baseline SBP.
Presence of coronary artery calcium and risk of incident ASCVD events increased with increasing SBP levels in individuals with a SBP between 90 and 129 mmHg and no other traditional ASCVD risk factors.