European Primary Care Cardiovascular Society

HF and CKD most frequent first CV- and renal disease manifestations in T2D

Heart failure and chronic kidney disease manifestation and mortality risk associations in type 2 diabetes: a large multinational cohort study

Literature - Birkeland KI, Bodegard J, Eriksson JW et al., - Diabetes Obes Metab. 2020. doi: 10.1111/dom.14074.

Introduction and methods

HF and CKD, also known as cardiorenal disease, have a high prevalence and CV and mortality risk among patients with T2D [1-11]. The seriousness of both conditions is further accentuated because HF can lead to kidney failure and vice versa, resulting in cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) [12, 13]. It has been demonstrated that risks of HF and CKD remain high in patients with T2D despite the use of established treatment strategies for CVD [14-16]. In addition, it is not well understood how HF and CKD temporally develop in patients with T2D.

The present multinational cohort study evaluated the temporal development of HF and CKD among T2D-patients (n=772,336) in England, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden, who were initially free of cardiovascular- and renal disease (CVRD). CVRD-free T2D patients were defined as those patients without any recorded history of CV or renal disease, including stroke, MI, (unstable) angina pectoris, AF, HF, coronary revascularization, PAD, peripheral artery revascularization or CKD. They were examined from index to the first recorded CVRD event. First CVRD event was defined by first recorded out- or in-hospital diagnosis of HF, CKD, cardiorenal disease (HF or CKD), stroke, MI or PAD. In addition, for comparison with CVRD-free patients, patients with a single CVRD manifestation were also identified at index, including manifestations of stroke, MI, PAD, HF or CKD, and its separate components HF, CKD and CRS. Outcomes to estimate risk associations included all-cause death, CVD death, and mentioned CVRD outcomes. Mean follow-up was 4.5 years.

Main results

Conclusion

Among T2D patients initially free from CVRD, cardiorenal disease (HF or CKD) was the most frequent first CVRD manifestation. Patients with single presence of cardiorenal disease had an increased all-cause and CVD mortality risk, as well as an increased risk of MI, stroke and PAD, compared to patients with no history of CVRD.

References

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